How to See Value

How to See Value

June 14, 2020 4 Comments

Do you struggle with value?

Wait, what in the world is value?

In this case, we're not talking about what a work of art is worth (though stay tuned as we will address that topic at a later date!)

Simply put:

Value is how light or dark a color is.  White holds the lightest value, and black is the darkest value. Our eyes see first in light and dark, and see color second.  

 

The secret to creating dynamic, wow-worthy artwork is to focus on the value


How do you learn to see value?

There are two ways to hack this process: The analog version, and the tech version.

 

The simple, analog version is to squint. You see, when you squint your eyes, they won’t focus on the colors, instead, the different values of the colors will become more apparent. This is a great technique if you are trying to figure out if two very saturated colors are of a similar value. I use this all the time when mixing colors and while paintings.


But what happens if you are painting outside, or working on a still-life, for example? How do you figure out the color values in a pinch?

This day and age, there's a simple solution: take a quick photo oh the scene with your smart phone.

Compose the scene like you would want it to look in your painting. Use the editing tools on your phone and select the “black and white” option on it. 

     
on iPhone                                     on Android

 

Ask yourself if your eye is drawn to the image, and whether it gets stuck in a particular area or if it moves around the composition comfortably.

The image in black and white will help you to see its values without the distraction of color. If it appears to have even shades of grey, then it probably doesn’t have enough contrast or flow. 

Following these simple steps will help you determine if there is enough variety of value in your composition. Because if the black and white version doesn’t work, color won’t save it either!



4 Responses

Su
Su

July 14, 2020

Found your info on FB yesterday! I love your style and watching you paint. Would enjoy learning with you. I have taken a short class last summer did watercolor before that. .

Jacq
Jacq

July 11, 2020

I had noticed feeling differently about images I was planning to upload, just because I looked at them without color. But it never occurred to me to purposely use the phone as a tool in that way. Thank you for sharing.

Christina Carlsen
Christina Carlsen

June 18, 2020

Great post on value! Thanks for sharing

Signe Mitchell
Signe Mitchell

June 18, 2020

Yay! I loved our 1:1 yesterday but didn’t know what to ask you! But you know what to teach me if that makes sense. I never had formal training (except classes here and there) so learning from the ground up is so incredible for me….it excites me to learn more, paint more, see more. Thank you Shelby!!

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